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Magic Squares

In magic squares, each row and each column and each diagonal adds up to the same number. But look at the green markings at the top of this page! This special magic square adds up to the same number in all of these ways. (Don't take our word for it! Use your mental math and see for yourself!) It is called a "pan-magic square."

We didn't invent this magic square. A famous German artist, Albrecht Dürer, included it in an engraving called "Melancholia" in the year 1514! The most magic thing of all is that you can see the year "1514" in the middle of the bottom row.

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Pass your mouse over the square to see what it looked like in the 1514 engraving!
Click on the square
to visit our Math Cats' magic square activities.
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